Twin citiesTwin cities

Xining (the People's Republic of China)

Night view of Xining

Official web page of Xining

http://www.xining.gov.cn/

Geographical location

Xining is located in the eastern part of Qinghai Province and lies on the Huangshui River. It is the political, economic, and cultural center of Qinghai Province. The city is located on mountainous terrain.

History

Xining has a history of over 2 100 years and was a chief commercial hub on the Hexi Corridor caravan route to Tibet, handling especially timber, wool and salt in ancient times. It was an important settlement linking the Central Plateau with frontier regions of the Western area, and a significant point on the way from east to west.

Economy

As the capital city of Qinghai Province, Xining is the provincial center of politics, economy, culture, education, technology, transportation and commerce.

There are rich surface and underground resources in Xining, several minerals, according to the proved reserve, come in the first place in the whole country, including metallurgical quartzite, potassium salt, lithium, iodine, native sulfur, silica, asbestos, etc. After years of development the main industries of Xining include production of silicone, photovoltaic industry, deep processing of non-ferrous metal, biological medicine and Tibetan blanket spinning.

Xining with its beautiful scenery, long history, multiethnic groups, brilliant culture and cool weather in summer enjoys the reputation of “Summer Resort of China” and is a famous tourist attraction.

Xining holds a series of important festivals such as “Qinghai Investment & Trade Fair for Environmental Friendly Development”, “China (Qinghai) Tibetan Carpet International Exhibition”, “Tour of Qinghai Lake International Cycling Race” that attract more and more people coming to Xining to travel or to invest.

Education

Principle universities of Qinghai:

1.Qinghai University http://www.qhu.edu.cn/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qinghai_University

2.Qinghai Normal University (Teachers' university) http://210.27.144.79/engver/englishv.htm

3.Qinghai University for Nationalities http://www.qhmu.edu.cn/

Places of interest

Ta’er Lamasery, Sacred Place For Yellow Branch Of Buddhism

Ta’er lamasery was initially built in the Ming Dynasty (1560 A.D.). It is one of the China's six (Gelu branch) Tibetan Buddhism lamaseries. In 1749 Qian Long King of the Qing dynasty named it as "Fan Zhong Monatery". The lamasery is built over hillside, with an area of 40 hectares, 15 halls, 9,300 dormitory rooms for monks, building area of 450,000 square meters. The building style is a mixture of Han and Tibetan. Major buildings of the lamasery include: Babaoruyi tower, Dajinwadian hall, Xiaojinwadian hall, Grand Scripture Hall, Wenshu Bodhisattva temple, Larangjixiangxingong temple, Mizun Institute, butter flower exhibition hall and grand kitchen. Dajinwadian hall is a three story building with Han and Tibetan architecture style combined in one. As a main hall, it is located at the central position of Taer lamasery. Wall paintings, butter flower sculpture and Buddha portrait embroidery are unique of the Lamasery. They are also called the art's "3 best".

Laoyeshan Mountain

At an altitude of 2,900 meters the mountain is the home of Lord Guan. Major places for visitors are: Lord Guan's hall, Culture hall, God Yu's hall, Leizu hall, Doumu hall, Sanguan temple, Tiger cave and general's cliff. Each year's "liuyueliu(June 6)"'s grand "huer(flower) song festival" and " mountain pilgrimage" attract large number of tourists.

Great Mosque of Dongguan

The Great Mosque of Dongguan, initially built in the Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty, is one of the four largest mosques in northwestern China. Today, it has a history of over 600 years. It is an Islamic building with towers, walls and halls in one body, vividly reflecting Hui architecture style. With an area of 1,102 square meters it can hold 3,000 people for prayer service. On the top of the main prayer hall, a gold-gilded vase is erected. Tens of thousands of Muslims gather here every day and on major Islamic festivals for prayer and religious services. The mosque is also an institute religious study with high reputation both inside and outside of China. It has educated a large number of religious scholars from Qinghai, Gansu, Shaanxi, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangdong and Shanghai.

Kanbula Forest Park

Kanbula forest park covers an area of 4,776 hectares. The park is formed by the magnificent Danxia landscape, amazing forest, the Yellow River grand valley, Sacred Buddhist Nanzonggou ravine and the highland' pearl the Lijiaxia reservoir. In 2003, it is named as state geographic park. Nanzonggou ravine is 5000 meters long, it is narrow and deep with startling beautiful sceneries. It is famous in the world as one of the Tibetan Buddhism late expansion place and also the only place where Red, Yellow, Xian, Mi, monks and nuns of Tibetan Buddhism live together.

Mengda State Level Nature Reserve

Mengda state level nature reserve is located in the XunHua Salar Self-Autonomous county, at the east end of Xiqing mountain and on the south bank of Jishi gorge. The beautiful national forest reserve is known as "Xishuangbanna" on the plateau. It's a well-preserved virgin forest. Perched at 2,504 meters elevation at the middle part of Muchang valley, you can find the mysterious and well-known highland's pearl--Mengda Lake with scenic spots as flying water fall, crouching tiger stone, and caves for gods, roaring tiger spring, echoing cliffs, Xiniuwangyuan (rhinoceros looking at moon) hills, Huashan pine forest valley, the thousand mu azalea field, Xiannushuzhuangtai (goddess's make-up desk) hill, and Jishi valley in Yellow river, besides 60 more scenic spots which make Mengda Lake a famous tourist attraction both in far and near.

Qinghai Lake

Qinghai lake in the ancient was called "west sea", also called "fresh water" or "fresh sea". In Tibetan it was called" "cuowenbo" which means "blue sea", called "kokonor" in Mongol's Lake quay dialect. Since the area around Qinghai Lake was Qiang people's pasture in the past, it was also called "xianbeijianghai" (fresh low Qiang sea), some people in the Han dynasty also called it "god sea". Since Beiwei period, the name is changed to "Qinghai".

Qinghai lake is China's largest inland salt lake, with an area of 4,456 square km and a perimeter of 360 km, twice the size of Taihu lake in Hubei province. The east and west sides of the lake is long and the south and the north sides of the lake is narrow, looks like the oval shape of the maple leave. Since the average daily temperature in the hottest period of summer is only about 15 centigrade, Qinghai Lake is a favorable summer resort.

Bird Island At Qinghai Lake

The island is named after thousands of migration birds on the island. The island consists of east and west islands. HaiXishan (mountain on the west of the sea) is also called XiaoXishan (small west mountain) where in April each year albatross, seagulls and numerous other birds arrive to lay hatch and eggs. In the birds' laying season there are thousands of birds' eggs on the ground. When the birds are flying the sky is covered to darkness, which is an awesome picture of Qinghai Lake.

(more info at Welcome to Quing Hai)

Areas of cooperation between twin-cities

The agreement on establishment of twinning relationship between the city of Xining, Qinghai Province, the People’s Republic of China and the city ofIzhevsk, the Udmurt Republic, the Russian Federation was signed on May 13, 2002.

The principal areas of the cooperation:

· Development of economical relations (the direct cooperation between the cities’ enterprises);

· Exchange of business delegations;

· Cooperation between the universities;

· Opening of the Institute of Confucius based on the UdSU;

· Exchange of experience of local self-government;

· Exchange of creative teams;

· Cooperation in the field of medicine.

The additional areas of the cooperation:

· Participation in exhibitions;

· Organization of photo exhibitions;

· Exchange of sports delegations.

Ta'er Lamasery
Ta'er Lamasery
Great Mosque of Dongguan
Kanbula Forest Park
Mengda Lake
Qinghai Lake
Qinghai Lake
Bird Island
16.07.2014
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